Examinations carried out on mummies revealed
that TB was common even in acient Egypt.
Earliest evidence of human TB found in Neolithic grave near
Examination of mummies shows TB was common in Egypt.
Hippocrates identified “phthisis” (which means “wasting”)
as the most widespread and fatal disease of his time.
TB, then called “consumption”, reaches epidemic proportions
during the Industrial Revolution in Europe, due to overcrowding and unsanitary
Hermann Brehmer builds the first sanatorium in Gorbersdorf,
Germany, believed to be able to cure TB patients by isolating them and
providing them with rest, fresh air and good nutrition.
Robert Koch identifies the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis,
the tubercle bacillus, as the cause of tuberculosis in humans.
1910 - 1920
French scientists Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin develop
the BCG vaccine.
Selman A. Waksman discovers stretpomycin, the first
antibiotic used to treat TB.
WHO declares tuberculosis a world emergency after recognising
that one in three people are infected globally.
Malaysian scientists hope to develop world's first DNA diagnostic
test for TB.